The conference

Maker movement and open design : the rise of participative, « diffuse » design

This presentation looks back at the origins of the maker and hacker movement as well as FabLabs and is based on first-hand information and on more classic accounts. The reintegration of pleasure in the workplace and the heritage of the arts and crafts are two aspects that both hint at these places as being fields of social experimentation. The values of openness and sharing advocated by amateurs, DIYers, makers or contemporary inventors encourage the creation of open and participative design conceived outside the confines of mass industrial production standards. ‘Open Design’ or ‘Diffused Design’ places the production of objects in the wake of open source. This type of production gives shape to a new, although currently blurred, terrain for design that is advancing by trial and error among amateurs and touches on creative activities around invention, conception and manufacture.



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Camille Bosque

Camille Bosqué is a Ph.D in Aesthetics and Design. She studied product design at Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan and Ecole Boulle in Paris (France) and graduated in 2016 from Université Rennes 2. She is now an associate professor at Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, a graphic design teacher and a freelance consultant. Her research topics are personal digital fabrication, 3D printing, the maker movement, open design and open innovation. Her thesis is based on a large ethnographic survey conducted between 2012 and 2015, in France and abroad. In her dissertation, she examinates the way practices, discourses and ambitions of personal digital fabrication are built in the margins of the classical fields of industry and design, blurring their historical frames. In her research, Camille Bosqué also studies the promises and contradictions that surround the democratization of innovation and production. 3D printing is often taken as an emblematic case study to consider the ambivalences behind the emancipation expected by representatives of the maker movement. She states that FabLabs and makerspaces are fields of social experimentation, beyond mere production. She also studies the hypothesis of a « diffuse » design that could be open, participative, out of the standards of industrial mass production, in the wake of open source. This type of production ends up shaping a new, though hazy, field for design and design studies. Among numerous publications, she is the author of the French book FabLabs, etc. Les nouveaux lieux de fabrication numérique (2015, Eyrolles) and the online web-documentary on the maker movement (available with English subtitles), Fais-le toi-même (2016, Arte Creative). She recently contributed to the English book FabLab, Revolution Field Manual (2017, Niggli-Verlag).